Indian Army Information is very important for an aspirant preparing for defence services so, Mentioned details will help the NDA & CDS aspirants during the SSB Interview. Students should learn all of them as these will be helpful in the exams.
The Indian Army is a voluntary service, the military draft having never been imposed in India. It is one of the largest standing armies in the world, with 1,237,117 active troops and 960,000 reserve troops.
|1||Founded||1st april 1895|
|3||Motto||Service before self|
|5.||Chief||General Manoj Mukund Naravane,PVSM,AVSM,SM,VSM,ADC|
|Equivalent NATO code||ARMY|
|Subedar Major||Subedar||Naib Subedar||Havildar||Naik||Lance Naik Sepoy|
1.INDO- PAKISTAN WAR 1947-1948( FIRST KASHMIR WAR)
2.INDO-CHINA WAR 1962
4.INDO-PAKISTANWAR-1971 (LIBERATION WAR)
1.Field Marshal K M Cariappa, OBE
The first field marshal of India, and was conferred the rank on 1 January 1973
2.Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, MC
The second field marshal of India,who was conferred the rank on 15 January 1986.
|Name||Rank||Date of action||Conflict|
|Somnath Sharma||Major||3 November 1947*||Battle of Badgam|
|Arun Khetarpal||Second Lieutenant||16 December 1971*||Battle of Basantar|
|Hoshiar Singh Dahiya||Major||17 December 1971||Battle of Basantar|
|Gurbachan Singh Salaria||Captain||5 December 1961*||Congo Crisis|
|Albert Ekka||Lance Naik||3 December 1971*||Battle of Hilli|
|Sanjay Kumar||Rifleman||5 July 1999||Kargil War|
|Vikram Batra||Captain||5 July 1999*||Operation Vijay|
|Manoj Kumar Pandey||lieutenant||3 July 1999*||Operation Vijay|
|Abdul Hamid||Company Quarter Master Havildar||10 September 1965*||Battle of Asal Uttar|
|Dhan Singh Thapa||Major||20 October 1962||Sino-Indian War|
|Jadunath Singh||Naik||6 February 1948*||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947|
|Rama Raghoba Rane||Second Lieutenant||8 April 1948||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947|
|Ardeshir Tarapore||Lieutenant Colonel||11 September 1965*||Battle of Chawinda|
|Shaitan Singh||Major||18 November 1962*||Sino-Indian War|
|Bana Singh||Naib Subedar||23 May 1987||Operation Rajiv|
|Ramaswamy Parameshwaran||Major||25 November 1987*||Operation Pawan|
|Yogendra Singh Yadav||Grenadier||4 July 1999||Battle of Tiger Hill|
|Piru Singh||Company Havildar Major||17 July 1948*||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947|
|Karam Singh||Lance Naik||13 October 1948||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947|
|Joginder Singh||Subedar||23 October 1962*||Sino-Indian War|
|5||South west command||Jaipur|
|7||Army Training command||Shimla|
|Armoured Corps||The Armoured Corps Centre and School, Ahmednagar|
|Regiment of Artillery||The School of Artillery, Devlali near Nasik|
|Corps of Army Air Defence||Gopalpur, Odisha.|
|Army Aviation Corps||Combat Army Aviation Training School, Nasik.|
|Corps of Engineers||College of Military Engineering, Pune|
Madras Engineer Group, Bangalore
Bengal Engineer Group, Roorkee
Bombay Engineer Group, Khadki near Pune
|Corps of Signals||Military College of Telecommunication Engineering (MCTE), Mhow|
Two Signal Training Centres at Jabalpur and Goa.
|1||During First Kashmir War||1947||Kashmir|
|2||Operation Polo||1948||Hyderabad||Indian armed forces ended the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad and led to the incorporation of the princely state of Hyderabad in Southern India, into the Indian Union|
|3||Operation Vijay||1961||Goa, Daman & Diu||The operation by the Military of India that led to the freedom of Goa, Daman and Diu and Anjidiv Islands from the Portuguese colonial holding in 1961|
|4||During Sino-Indian War||1962|
|5||During Second Kashmir War||1965|
|6||Operation Steeplechase||1971||Combined operation against Naxalites|
|7||During Bangladesh Liberation War||1971||Bangladesh||See also Battle of Longewala, Battle of Hilli, Battle of Basantar|
|8||Amalgamation of Sikkim||Sikkim||Indian Army disarmed and disbanded the Royal Guard of the Sikkimese King, after which Sikkim joined India as a State of India.|
|9||During Siachen conflict||1984||Kashmir|
|10||Operation Blue Star||1984||Punjab||Carried out to remove separatist religious leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers from the buildings of the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab.|
|11||Operation Woodrose||1984||Punjab||Took place in the months after Operation Blue Star to “prevent the outbreak of widespread public protest” in the state of Punjab.|
|12||Operation Meghdoot||1984||Indian military’s capture of the majority of Siachen Glacier.|
|13||Operation Rajiv||1987||Indian military’s capture of Quaid Post/Bana Top.|
|14||Operation Bluebird||1987||Manipur||Indian retaliation operation to the 1987 attacks on the Assam Rifles’ outpost|
|15||Operation Pawan||1987||Sri Lanka||Operations by the Indian Peace Keeping Force to take control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987 to enforce the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord|
|16||Operation Viraat||1988||Sri Lanka||It was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.|
|17||Operation Trishul||1988||Sri Lanka||Along with Operation Viraat, was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.|
|18||Operation Checkmate||1988||Sri Lanka||It was an anti-insurgency operation carried out by the IPKF against the LTTE in the Vadamarachi area of northern Sri Lanka in June 1988|
|19||Operation Cactus||1988||Maldives||Paracommandos of Indian Army and MARCOS of Indian Navy oust Tamil nationalist mercenaries of PLOTE who instigated a coup in Malé in the Maldives.|
|20||Operation Vijay||1999||Kargil||Indian operation to push back the infiltrators from the Kargil Sector, in the 1999 Kargil War.|
|22||Operation Sarp Vinash||2003||Jammu and Kashmir||An assault on the largest system of hideouts used by insurgents in Jammu and Kashmir in which over 60 militants were killed.|
|23||Operation Black Tornado, Operation Cyclone||2008||Mumbai, Maharashtra||Against the 2008 Mumbai Terror Attacks|
|24||Operation Surya Hope||2013||For saving people trapped in the Uttarakhand Disaster|
|25||Operation Mehar||2014||Visakhapatnam||Cyclone Hudhud|
|26||Operation All Out||2015||for flushing out militants from specially Kashmir region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India.|
|27||Operation Maitri||2015||Nepal||India’s Army-led rescue and relief mission in quake-hit Nepal|
|28||2015 Indian counter-insurgency operation in Myanmar||2015||Myanmar||Indian Army allegedly conducted hot pursuit of Naga terror outfit NSCN-Khaplang along the India-Myanmar border.|
|29||2016 India–Pakistan military confrontation||2016||On 29 September 2016, Director General of Military Operations disclosed that Indian Para Commandos allegedly carried out a surgical strike 2–3 km inside Pakistan administered Kashmir crossing the Line of Control.|
|30||Operation Calm Down||2016||Jammu and Kashmir|
|31||Operation Sahyog||2018||Kerala||Indian Army launched Operation Sahyog to rescue people in flood-hit Kerala. Indian Army has deployed its men and machinery into disaster relief and rescue operations at Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad and Idukki after incessant rain|
|32||Operation Randori Behak||2020||Jammu and Kashmir|
Command: Indian Army has six operational commands and one training command. Each one is headed by a general officer commanding-in-chief (GOC-in-C), known as the army commander, who is among the seniormost Lieutenant General officers in the army.
Corps: A command generally consists of two or more corps. Indian Army has 14 Corps each one commanded by a general officer commanding (GOC), known as the corps commander, who holds the rank of Lieutenant General.Each corps is composed of three or four divisions. There are three types of corps in the Indian Army: Strike, Holding and Mixed. The Corps HQ is the highest field formation in the army.
Division: A Division is headed by a General Officer Commanding (GOC) in the rank of Major General. The officer is also called as Division Commander and is having a two-star military rank. Typically, a division consists of 3-4 Brigades. At present, the Indian Army has 37 Divisions. They include a number of RAPID (Re-organised Army Plains Infantry Divisions) Action Divisions, Infantry Divisions, Mountain Divisions, Armored Divisions and Artillery Divisions that cater to the diversified needs of the Army.
Brigade: A Brigade comprises 3 Battalions and support elements. A Brigade is commanded by a Brigade Commander, who is also called as a Brigadier. In the Army, a Brigadier is a one-star military rank officer.
In additions to regular Brigades, the Army can have other independent Brigades such as Armored Brigades, Artillery Brigades, Infantry Brigades, Parachute Brigade, Air Defence Brigades and Engineer Brigades.
Battalion: A Battalion is also called as a regiment. It is commanded by a Commanding Officer, who is a Colonel rank military officer. Typically a Battalion/Regiment comprises three platoons. A Battalion is the Infantry’s main fighting unit.
Rifle Company: A Rifle Company is commanded by a Company Commander who is of the Lieutenant or Major rank. A Rifle Company comprises of three platoons and has a strength of around 120 personnel.
Platoon: A Platoon is commanded by a Platoon Commander, who is of the Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO). Typically, a Platoon has a total strength of 32 personnel.
Section: It is the smallest unit of the Indian Army with a strength of 10 personnel. A Section is commanded by a non-commissioned officer of the rank of Havildar or Sergeant.
Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored forces. Also known as foot soldiers or infantrymen, infantry traditionally relies on moving by foot between combats as well, but may also use mounts, military vehicles, or other transport.
India is raising a new mountain strike corps to strengthen its defence along its disputed border with China in the high reaches of the Himalayas.
The Regiment of Artillery is the second largest arm of the Indian Army, constituting nearly one sixth of the Army’s total strength. Originally raised in 1935 as part of the Royal Indian Artillery of the British Indian Army, the Regiment is now tasked with providing the Army’s towed and self-propelled field artillery, including guns, howitzers, heavy mortars, rockets, and missiles.
The Indian Army Armoured Corps is one of the combat arms of the Indian Army. Formed in 1947 from two-thirds of the personnel and assets of the Raj’s Indian Armoured Corps. It currently consists of 67 armoured regiments, including the president’s bodyguards. The naming of the regiments varies.
The Corps of Army Air Defence (abbreviated AAD) is an active corps of the Indian Army, and a major combat formation tasked with the air defences of the country from foreign threats. The Corps is responsible for the protection of Indian air space from enemy aircraft and missiles, especially those below 5,000 feet
The Army Aviation Corps is another vital part of the Indian Army formed on 1 November 1986. The army aviation pilots are drawn from other combat arms, including artillery officers, to form a composite third dimensional force for an integrated battle.
The Corps of Engineers of the Indian Army has a long history dating back to the mid-18th century. The earliest existing subunit of the Corps (18 Field Company) dates back to 1777 while the Corps officially recognises its birth as 1780 when the senior-most group of the Corps, the Madras Sappers were raised.
Besides the combat engineers, the Corps mans and operates major engineering organisations such as the Military Engineer Services, the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), the Married Accommodation Project and the Survey of India.
The Mechanised Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army, comprising 27 battalions dispersed under various armoured formations throughout India. It is one of the youngest regiments in the army, and though it was formed as a result of lessons learned in the 1965 Indo-Pak War, to give infantry battalions greater mobility.
The Indian Army: Reminiscences, Reforms & Romance,
Lieutenant General H.S. Panag examines burning questions surrounding the Indian Armed Forces: their exploitation by neo- nationalists; an intrusive media’s projection of the army as the sole flagbearer of patriotism; the obsession with Pakistan as an impending threat to national security; the intense militarization of Kashmir post the abrogation of Article 370; and equal opportunities for women in combat, among other issues.
Divided into six sections – Human Rights, Reforms, Leadership, Reminiscences, Conflict and Unforgettable Heroes – the book compels the reader to think deeper and with greater nuance about a much-discussed and much-maligned institution. The Indian Army is also a glimpse into the General’s own life and reveals hitherto unknown aspects of his long career in the army. A writer who straddles the serious and the idyllic with equal ease, he unequivocally condemns the tying of a citizen to the bonnet of an army jeep in Kashmir in 2017 in one piece, and in another tells the intensely passionate, albeit tragic love story of a soldier and a Kashmiri girl.
INDIA’S MOST FEARLESS
The Army major who led the legendary September 2016 surgical strikes on terror launch pads across the LoC; a soldier who killed 11 terrorists in 10 days; a Navy officer who sailed into a treacherous port to rescue hundreds from an exploding war; a bleeding Air Force pilot who found himself flying a jet that had become a screaming fireball . . .
Their own accounts or of those who were with them in their final moments.
India’s Most Fearless covers fourteen true stories of extraordinary courage and fearlessness, providing a glimpse into the kind of heroism our soldiers display in unthinkably hostile conditions and under grave provocation.
INDIA’S MOST FEARLESS 2
First-hand reports of the most riveting anti-terror encounters in the wake of the 2016 surgical strikes, the men who hunted terrorists in a magical Kashmir forest where day turns to night, a pair of young Navy men who gave their all to save their entire submarine crew, the Air Force commando who wouldn’t sleep until he had avenged his buddies, the tax babu who found his soul in a terrifying Special Forces assault on Pakistani terrorists, and many more.
Their own stories, in their own words. Or of those who were with them in their final moments.
The highly anticipated sequel to India’s Most Fearless brings you fourteen more stories of astonishing fearlessness and gets you closer than ever before to the personal bravery that Indian military men display in the line of duty.
KARGIL-UNTOLD STORIES FROM THE WAR
Why does a group of stranded paratroopers call for Bofors’ fire upon its own position?
Why is an old man in Palampur fighting for justice for his dead soldier son?
What makes a martyr’s father visit a young Kashmiri girl every year?
Kargil takes you into the treacherous mountains where some of Indian Army’s bloodiest battles were fought. Interviewing war survivors and martyrs’ families, Rachna Bisht Rawat tells stories of extraordinary human courage, of not just men in uniform but also those who loved them the most. With its gritty stories of incomparable bravery, Kargil is a tribute to the 527 young braves who gave up their lives for us and the many who were ready to do it too.
SHOOT DIVE FLY
Learn all about an exceptional way of life SHOOT, DIVE, FLY aims to introduce teenagers to the armed forces and tell them about the perils-the rigours and the challenges-and perks-the thrill and the adventure of a career in uniform. Ballroom dancing, flying fighter planes, detonating bombs, skinning and eating snakes in times of dire need, and everything else in between there’s nothing our officers can’t do!. Read twenty-one nail-biting stories of daring. Hear from some amazing men and women about what the forces have taught them-and decide if the olive green uniform is what you want to wear too.
THE BRAVE- PVC STORIES
Twenty-one riveting stories about how India’s highest military honour was won. Rachna Bisht Rawat takes us to the heart of war, chronicling the tales of twenty-one of India’s bravest soldiers. Talking to parents, siblings, children and comrades-in-arms to paint the most vivid character-portraits of these men and their conduct in battle and getting unprecedented access to the Indian Army, Rawat has written the ultimate book on the Param Vir Chakra.
As India becomes a regional and global superpower, its armed forces will be expected to conduct more missions inside foreign countries, as they have in the past. Using never-before-seen secret military reports and eyewitness testimonies of the men on the ground, a former army man and journalist Sushant Singh reconstruct three forgotten Indian operations overseas: In the Maldives, Sri Lanka and Sierra Leone. These action-packed true stories shed light not just on a previously untold slice of Indian history but also the exceptional bravery of Indian soldiers fighting against all odds.
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