Indian Army Information

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Indian Army Information is very important for an aspirant preparing for defence services so, Mentioned details will help the NDA & CDS aspirants during the SSB Interview. Students should learn all of them as these will be helpful in the exams.

The Indian Army is a voluntary service, the military draft having never been imposed in India. It is one of the largest standing armies in the world, with 1,237,117 active troops and 960,000 reserve troops.


1Founded1st april 1895
2HeadquarterNew delhi
3MottoService before self
4AnniversryDay15 January
5.ChiefGeneral Manoj Mukund Naravane,PVSM,AVSM,SM,VSM,ADC

Indian Army Rank Structure


Equivalent NATO codeARMY
OF-10Field marshal
OF-8Lieutenant General
OF-7Major General


Subedar MajorSubedarNaib SubedarHavildarNaikLance Naik Sepoy



1.Field Marshal K M Cariappa, OBE
The first field marshal of India, and was conferred the rank on 1 January 1973

2.Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw, MC
The second field marshal of India,who was conferred the rank on 15 January 1986.


NameRankDate of actionConflict
Somnath SharmaMajor3 November 1947*Battle of Badgam
Arun KhetarpalSecond Lieutenant16 December 1971*Battle of Basantar
Hoshiar Singh DahiyaMajor17 December 1971Battle of Basantar
Gurbachan Singh SalariaCaptain5 December 1961*Congo Crisis
Albert EkkaLance Naik3 December 1971*Battle of Hilli
Sanjay KumarRifleman5 July 1999Kargil War
Vikram BatraCaptain5 July 1999*Operation Vijay
Manoj Kumar Pandeylieutenant3 July 1999*Operation Vijay
Abdul HamidCompany Quarter Master Havildar10 September 1965*Battle of Asal Uttar
Dhan Singh ThapaMajor20 October 1962Sino-Indian War
Jadunath SinghNaik6 February 1948*Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Rama Raghoba RaneSecond Lieutenant8 April 1948Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Ardeshir TaraporeLieutenant Colonel11 September 1965*Battle of Chawinda
Shaitan SinghMajor18 November 1962*Sino-Indian War
Bana SinghNaib Subedar23 May 1987Operation Rajiv
Ramaswamy ParameshwaranMajor25 November 1987*Operation Pawan
Yogendra Singh YadavGrenadier4 July 1999Battle of Tiger Hill
Piru SinghCompany Havildar Major17 July 1948*Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Karam SinghLance Naik13 October 1948Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Joginder SinghSubedar23 October 1962*Sino-Indian War


1Central commandLucknow
2East commandKolkata
2North commandUdhampur
4South commandPune
5South west commandJaipur
6West commandChandimandir
7Army Training commandShimla


Armoured CorpsThe Armoured Corps Centre and School, Ahmednagar
Regiment of ArtilleryThe School of Artillery, Devlali near Nasik
Corps of Army Air Defence Gopalpur, Odisha.
Army Aviation CorpsCombat Army Aviation Training School, Nasik.
Corps of EngineersCollege of Military Engineering, Pune
Madras Engineer Group, Bangalore
Bengal Engineer Group, Roorkee
Bombay Engineer Group, Khadki near Pune
Corps of SignalsMilitary College of Telecommunication Engineering (MCTE), Mhow
Two Signal Training Centres at Jabalpur and Goa.
Mechanised InfantryAhmednagar


S.noOperationsdateplaceKey points
1During First Kashmir War1947Kashmir
2Operation Polo1948HyderabadIndian armed forces ended the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad and led to the incorporation of the princely state of Hyderabad in Southern India, into the Indian Union
3Operation Vijay1961Goa, Daman & DiuThe operation by the Military of India that led to the freedom of Goa, Daman and Diu and Anjidiv Islands from the Portuguese colonial holding in 1961
4During Sino-Indian War1962
5During Second Kashmir War1965
6Operation Steeplechase1971Combined operation against Naxalites
7During Bangladesh Liberation War1971BangladeshSee also Battle of Longewala, Battle of Hilli, Battle of Basantar
8Amalgamation of SikkimSikkimIndian Army disarmed and disbanded the Royal Guard of the Sikkimese King, after which Sikkim joined India as a State of India.
9During Siachen conflict1984Kashmir
10Operation Blue Star1984PunjabCarried out to remove separatist religious leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers from the buildings of the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab.
11Operation Woodrose1984PunjabTook place in the months after Operation Blue Star to “prevent the outbreak of widespread public protest” in the state of Punjab.
12Operation Meghdoot1984Indian military’s capture of the majority of Siachen Glacier.
13Operation Rajiv1987Indian military’s capture of Quaid Post/Bana Top.
14Operation Bluebird1987ManipurIndian retaliation operation to the 1987 attacks on the Assam Rifles’ outpost
15Operation Pawan1987Sri LankaOperations by the Indian Peace Keeping Force to take control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987 to enforce the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord
16Operation Viraat1988Sri LankaIt was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.
17Operation Trishul1988Sri LankaAlong with Operation Viraat, was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka.
18Operation Checkmate1988Sri LankaIt was an anti-insurgency operation carried out by the IPKF against the LTTE in the Vadamarachi area of northern Sri Lanka in June 1988
19Operation Cactus1988MaldivesParacommandos of Indian Army and MARCOS of Indian Navy oust Tamil nationalist mercenaries of PLOTE who instigated a coup in Malé in the Maldives.
20Operation Vijay1999KargilIndian operation to push back the infiltrators from the Kargil Sector, in the 1999 Kargil War.
21Operation Parakram2001
22Operation Sarp Vinash2003Jammu and KashmirAn assault on the largest system of hideouts used by insurgents in Jammu and Kashmir in which over 60 militants were killed.
23Operation Black Tornado, Operation Cyclone2008Mumbai, MaharashtraAgainst the 2008 Mumbai Terror Attacks
24Operation Surya Hope2013For saving people trapped in the Uttarakhand Disaster
25Operation Mehar2014VisakhapatnamCyclone Hudhud
26Operation All Out2015for flushing out militants from specially Kashmir region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India.
27Operation Maitri2015NepalIndia’s Army-led rescue and relief mission in quake-hit Nepal
282015 Indian counter-insurgency operation in Myanmar2015MyanmarIndian Army allegedly conducted hot pursuit of Naga terror outfit NSCN-Khaplang along the India-Myanmar border.
292016 India–Pakistan military confrontation2016On 29 September 2016, Director General of Military Operations disclosed that Indian Para Commandos allegedly carried out a surgical strike 2–3 km inside Pakistan administered Kashmir crossing the Line of Control.
30Operation Calm Down2016Jammu and Kashmir
31Operation Sahyog2018KeralaIndian Army launched Operation Sahyog to rescue people in flood-hit Kerala. Indian Army has deployed its men and machinery into disaster relief and rescue operations at Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad and Idukki after incessant rain
32Operation Randori Behak2020Jammu and Kashmir


Command: Indian Army has six operational commands and one training command. Each one is headed by a general officer commanding-in-chief (GOC-in-C), known as the army commander, who is among the seniormost Lieutenant General officers in the army.

Corps: A command generally consists of two or more corps. Indian Army has 14 Corps each one commanded by a general officer commanding (GOC), known as the corps commander, who holds the rank of Lieutenant General.Each corps is composed of three or four divisions. There are three types of corps in the Indian Army: Strike, Holding and Mixed. The Corps HQ is the highest field formation in the army.

Division: A Division is headed by a General Officer Commanding (GOC) in the rank of Major General. The officer is also called as Division Commander and is having a two-star military rank. Typically, a division consists of 3-4 Brigades. At present, the Indian Army has 37 Divisions. They include a number of RAPID (Re-organised Army Plains Infantry Divisions) Action Divisions, Infantry Divisions, Mountain Divisions, Armored Divisions and Artillery Divisions that cater to the diversified needs of the Army.

Brigade: A Brigade comprises 3 Battalions and support elements. A Brigade is commanded by a Brigade Commander, who is also called as a Brigadier. In the Army, a Brigadier is a one-star military rank officer.

In additions to regular Brigades, the Army can have other independent Brigades such as Armored Brigades, Artillery Brigades, Infantry Brigades, Parachute Brigade, Air Defence Brigades and Engineer Brigades.

Battalion: A Battalion is also called as a regiment. It is commanded by a Commanding Officer, who is a Colonel rank military officer. Typically a Battalion/Regiment comprises three platoons. A Battalion is the Infantry’s main fighting unit.

Rifle Company: A Rifle Company is commanded by a Company Commander who is of the Lieutenant or Major rank. A Rifle Company comprises of three platoons and has a strength of around 120 personnel.

Platoon: A Platoon is commanded by a Platoon Commander, who is of the Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO). Typically, a Platoon has a total strength of 32 personnel.

Section: It is the smallest unit of the Indian Army with a strength of 10 personnel. A Section is commanded by a non-commissioned officer of the rank of Havildar or Sergeant.



Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored forces. Also known as foot soldiers or infantrymen, infantry traditionally relies on moving by foot between combats as well, but may also use mounts, military vehicles, or other transport.

Mountain Strike Corps

India is raising a new mountain strike corps to strengthen its defence along its disputed border with China in the high reaches of the Himalayas.


The Regiment of Artillery is the second largest arm of the Indian Army, constituting nearly one sixth of the Army’s total strength. Originally raised in 1935 as part of the Royal Indian Artillery of the British Indian Army, the Regiment is now tasked with providing the Army’s towed and self-propelled field artillery, including guns, howitzers, heavy mortars, rockets, and missiles.


The Indian Army Armoured Corps is one of the combat arms of the Indian Army. Formed in 1947 from two-thirds of the personnel and assets of the Raj’s Indian Armoured Corps. It currently consists of 67 armoured regiments, including the president’s bodyguards. The naming of the regiments varies.

Army Air Defence

The Corps of Army Air Defence (abbreviated AAD) is an active corps of the Indian Army, and a major combat formation tasked with the air defences of the country from foreign threats. The Corps is responsible for the protection of Indian air space from enemy aircraft and missiles, especially those below 5,000 feet

Army Aviation corps

The Army Aviation Corps is another vital part of the Indian Army formed on 1 November 1986. The army aviation pilots are drawn from other combat arms, including artillery officers, to form a composite third dimensional force for an integrated battle.

Corps of Engineers

The Corps of Engineers of the Indian Army has a long history dating back to the mid-18th century. The earliest existing subunit of the Corps (18 Field Company) dates back to 1777 while the Corps officially recognises its birth as 1780 when the senior-most group of the Corps, the Madras Sappers were raised.
Besides the combat engineers, the Corps mans and operates major engineering organisations such as the Military Engineer Services, the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), the Married Accommodation Project and the Survey of India.

Mechanized infantry

The Mechanised Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army, comprising 27 battalions dispersed under various armoured formations throughout India. It is one of the youngest regiments in the army, and though it was formed as a result of lessons learned in the 1965 Indo-Pak War, to give infantry battalions greater mobility.

Top 10 Indian army Motivational Books

The Indian Army: Reminiscences, Reforms & Romance,

Lieutenant General H.S. Panag examines burning questions surrounding the Indian Armed Forces: their exploitation by neo- nationalists; an intrusive media’s projection of the army as the sole flagbearer of patriotism; the obsession with Pakistan as an impending threat to national security; the intense militarization of Kashmir post the abrogation of Article 370; and equal opportunities for women in combat, among other issues.

Divided into six sections – Human Rights, Reforms, Leadership, Reminiscences, Conflict and Unforgettable Heroes – the book compels the reader to think deeper and with greater nuance about a much-discussed and much-maligned institution. The Indian Army is also a glimpse into the General’s own life and reveals hitherto unknown aspects of his long career in the army. A writer who straddles the serious and the idyllic with equal ease, he unequivocally condemns the tying of a citizen to the bonnet of an army jeep in Kashmir in 2017 in one piece, and in another tells the intensely passionate, albeit tragic love story of a soldier and a Kashmiri girl.

The Army major who led the legendary September 2016 surgical strikes on terror launch pads across the LoC; a soldier who killed 11 terrorists in 10 days; a Navy officer who sailed into a treacherous port to rescue hundreds from an exploding war; a bleeding Air Force pilot who found himself flying a jet that had become a screaming fireball . . .
Their own accounts or of those who were with them in their final moments.
India’s Most Fearless covers fourteen true stories of extraordinary courage and fearlessness, providing a glimpse into the kind of heroism our soldiers display in unthinkably hostile conditions and under grave provocation.

First-hand reports of the most riveting anti-terror encounters in the wake of the 2016 surgical strikes, the men who hunted terrorists in a magical Kashmir forest where day turns to night, a pair of young Navy men who gave their all to save their entire submarine crew, the Air Force commando who wouldn’t sleep until he had avenged his buddies, the tax babu who found his soul in a terrifying Special Forces assault on Pakistani terrorists, and many more.

Their own stories, in their own words. Or of those who were with them in their final moments.
The highly anticipated sequel to India’s Most Fearless brings you fourteen more stories of astonishing fearlessness and gets you closer than ever before to the personal bravery that Indian military men display in the line of duty.

Why does a group of stranded paratroopers call for Bofors’ fire upon its own position?
Why is an old man in Palampur fighting for justice for his dead soldier son?
What makes a martyr’s father visit a young Kashmiri girl every year?
Kargil takes you into the treacherous mountains where some of Indian Army’s bloodiest battles were fought. Interviewing war survivors and martyrs’ families, Rachna Bisht Rawat tells stories of extraordinary human courage, of not just men in uniform but also those who loved them the most. With its gritty stories of incomparable bravery, Kargil is a tribute to the 527 young braves who gave up their lives for us and the many who were ready to do it too.

Learn all about an exceptional way of life SHOOT, DIVE, FLY aims to introduce teenagers to the armed forces and tell them about the perils-the rigours and the challenges-and perks-the thrill and the adventure of a career in uniform. Ballroom dancing, flying fighter planes, detonating bombs, skinning and eating snakes in times of dire need, and everything else in between there’s nothing our officers can’t do!. Read twenty-one nail-biting stories of daring. Hear from some amazing men and women about what the forces have taught them-and decide if the olive green uniform is what you want to wear too.

Twenty-one riveting stories about how India’s highest military honour was won. Rachna Bisht Rawat takes us to the heart of war, chronicling the tales of twenty-one of India’s bravest soldiers. Talking to parents, siblings, children and comrades-in-arms to paint the most vivid character-portraits of these men and their conduct in battle and getting unprecedented access to the Indian Army, Rawat has written the ultimate book on the Param Vir Chakra.

As India becomes a regional and global superpower, its armed forces will be expected to conduct more missions inside foreign countries, as they have in the past. Using never-before-seen secret military reports and eyewitness testimonies of the men on the ground, a former army man and journalist Sushant Singh reconstruct three forgotten Indian operations overseas: In the Maldives, Sri Lanka and Sierra Leone. These action-packed true stories shed light not just on a previously untold slice of Indian history but also the exceptional bravery of Indian soldiers fighting against all odds.

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